08 June 2017

Battling tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea

Meet Celestine, the nurse who's battling tuberculosis on the front line in Papa New Guinea.

For Papua New Guinean health worker Celestine, tackling the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in her country has become a personal crusade, after losing both of her parents to TB and contracting the disease herself.

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More than 9,000 people have died from TB in Papua New Guinea over the past three years – including hundreds of children – and it's people like Celestine working on the frontline who urgently need support to tackle this terrible but treatable disease…

“I always wanted to help sick people get better, but I never wanted to work with TB patients. I was afraid I would catch it,” says Celestine I’Ova. 

Health workers in Papua New Guinea 

Celestine is a health worker at a small rural clinic in Papua New Guinea’s Central Province. The clinic is a basic shack, this is typical of many clinics across PNG. Six staff provide support for around 15,000 people, some of them travel for six hours by boat for medical attention.

Despite having over 20 years' experience as a community health worker, TB has always held a particular terror for Celestine. Both of her parents died from the disease, and she admits avoiding TB patients for years afterwards.

“I did not want to learn how to treat TB patients,” she says. “Also, with the deteriorating health facilities and lack of resources at our health centre, I felt it was not safe for us. When TB patients came, I never stood in front of them or spoke to them; I always moved away from the patients.”

A growing epidemic

In PNG tuberculosis is a growing epidemic. Over the past three years, it has killed 9,000 people in the Pacific island nation, with children particularly susceptible to the most disabling forms of the disease. By comparison, the Ebola virus, which galvanised such international fear and concern, killed 11,300 people globally in the same period.

ChildFund is among several organisations playing a critical role in training and equipping health workers to detect TB early and ensure patients complete their full course of treatment.

A turning point for Celeste

“Three years ago, ChildFund selected me to attend a TB workshop. I accepted because, at that time, nobody was trained on TB at my clinic,” Celestine recalls. “After the training, I completely changed my negative thoughts about TB and wanted to help.”

Tragically, the first patient she treated after her training died from the disease. But for Celestine, his death only highlighted the importance of the new work she was undertaking.

“I could not help but think about his family and his community, and how many of them are out there and not treated until it’s too late. I did not want to witness another death and from that day worked hard to monitor my patients and quickly get them tested.” 

A shock diagnosis

Working in such close quarters with infected patients has put Celestine’s own health at risk.

“After four months of treating TB patients, my sputum test confirmed I had TB too. I stayed at home but it is just few metres away from the TB lab,” she says.

“Every Tuesday, I saw my patients queue up and they were referred to other health centres because the other officers could not treat them. It broke my heart seeing them leave.”

Knowing she was no longer contagious after three weeks of medication, Celestine asked if she could return to work. She got the OK and resumed her duties while remaining on medication for the next seven months.

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Untreated cases of Tuberculosis 

Now, ensuring better healthcare for TB patients in her remote community has become a personal crusade. Celestine is concerned that the incidence of TB is on the rise.

“The increasing number of patients coming in for TB tests shows that there could be more untreated TB cases out there,” she says.

“Many communities do not know how to live a healthy lifestyle. If someone is coughing in the house for weeks, it does not worry the other family members unless that person is bedridden. Only then do they feel the need to take that person to the hospital.”

She adds: “I would like to go out to villages and educate them about TB and about how important it is to take their medicine every day and on time.”

An advocate for change

Celestine is also advocating for improved facilities at her clinic, including a TB-only ward to provide better support to patients requiring admission, and more trained staff. Currently, Celestine and her team of three treat as many as 60 patients a day, and provide support for emergencies at night.

More community outreach is also vital, she says, however: “Our vehicle runs only when we have enough funds to buy fuel.”

The immense challenges in tackling TB are none too steep for Celestine, who has completely overcome her early trepidation and is now committed to fighting this disease on the frontline.

”We never turn a TB patient away,” she says. “In spite of everything, what keeps me going is the patients. When I see the smiles on their faces after they recover, I am so happy.”

Find out more about ChildFund's work in the Pacific.

Battling tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea

For Christine, tackling the TB epidemic in PNG has become a personal crusade, after losing both of her parents to the disease.

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